Covering the culture and diversity of Assam, the place where the morning start from a fresh Assam Tea and day filled with a Bihu Dance ( famous folk dance of Assam) with wildlife tours at Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park where the roaring of wild Tiger and a single horn Rhino makes your jungle safari extraordinary.
Northeast India which is also known as the Seven Sisters and Assam are one of the States of Northeast. Assam is a very beautiful place to visit and is the best spot for tourists. People love to visit Assam because it has spiritual ambiance, the sacred river, historical sites, and many more. You can also take a boat or a ship ride to the mighty Brahmaputra river and visit the world’s largest river island Majuli Island and Umananda Island which is located at the center of the river. Assam is also famous for the Tea plantation. India is the second-largest country producing tea from all over the world and approximately 56% of tea is produced from Assam. Assam is also famous for its silk. There are basically three major types of silk produced in Assam-Golden Muga, White Pat and Warm Eri Silk. Almost 45% of the population in Assam is engaged with silk production. It provides employment opportunities to hundreds of Assamese people.
Assam is mainly known as a home for wildlife sanctuaries. The famous Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park are World Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO.
Kaziranga National Park– Kaziranga National Park is a sanctuary with vibrant biodiversity and home of the One-horned Rhinoceros. A World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO, is one of the most visited sanctuaries in Assam and a treat for nature lovers. Along with the one-horned rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park is home to several species of flora and fauna. Kaziranga National Park is located in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of Assam. The park has four ranges — Central (Kohora), Western (Bagori), Eastern (Agoratuli), and Burhapahar. Kaziranga is also home for the Assamese Macaque, golden langur, hoolock gibbon and many others living within the sanctuary. The birds are also not to be taken out of the Kaziranga picture. The Park is a heaven for bird lovers and bird watchers and was recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA). The presence of rich flora and numerous water bodies have made Kaziranga an ideal shelter for a variety of birds too. As mentioned earlier, the sanctuary provides a safe refuge for many migrating birds and animals as well. Many of these birds migrate from Central Asia to Kaziranga Park during winters. Some species of birds spotted here are Black-necked stork, White-fronted goose, Greater Adjutant, and Asian Openbill stork among others.
Manas National Park– Manas National Park is one of the World Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO. It is one of the first Tiger Reserves in India. Manas National Park is the home for some highly rare and endangered species of the world. This is the perfect destination at an ideal location for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. Manas National Park lies on the gentle slopes of the foothills of the Bhutan-Himalayas that fall under Assam’s jurisdiction.
It is located in the two districts of Bongaigaon and Barpeta in Assam near Manas River, 180km from Guwahati. Manas National Park is the habitat for 22 of the world’s endangered mammals and 26 of the endangered bird species. In total, there are more than 60 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 42 reptiles and 7 amphibian species. Some of the Mammals found roaming around the Manas National Park are: Tiger, Leopard, Black Panther, Asian-Golden Cat, Gaur, Indian Rhinoceros, Clouded Leopard, Barasingha, Hoolock Gibbon, Smooth-Coated Otters, Golden Langur, Barking Deer, Sloth Bear. Smaller animals like squirrels, Hispid Hare and Monkeys can also be found within Manas National Park.
Some of the Birds found flying around and within Manas National Park are: Jungle Fowl, Bulbul, Pelican, Giant Hornbill, Egret, Falcon, Bristled Grassbird, Fishing Eagle, Bee-Eater, Heron, Osprey, Harrier, Merganser, Brahminy Duck. Then Pheasant, Serpent Eagle, Scarlet Minivet, Magpie Robin, Pied Hornbill, Grey Hornbill, etc. Few migratory birds also visit the surroundings of Manas National Park during winters.
Reptiles and Amphibians like Gharial, Common Wolf-Snake, Burmese Python, King Cobra, Assam Roofed Turtle, and many others are found within Manas National Park.
Nameri National Park– Nameri National Park was set-up as a sanctuary in 1985 and got recognition as a National Park only in 1998. Located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, Nameri National Park is filled with differential landscapes and robust wildlife. The location is also ideal for guided treks and water rafting activities along with a jungle safari.
There are over 300 species of birds and butterflies found in Nameri National Park. Quite rightly, Nameri National Park has been quoted as “a Birder’s Paradise” and is a great site for Bird Watchers. It also boasts over 30 different species of mammals with a combination of both wild and tame animals roaming freely. Apart from migratory birds, Birds like Great Pied Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Rufous Necked Hornbill, Himalayan Pied Kingfisher, Three-Toed Kingfisher, etc. are found here. Even Black Stork, Ibis Bill, Common Merganser, King Vulture, Pheasant are found in many parts of the Park. White Winged Wood Duck, Adjutant Stork, Palla’s Fish-Eagle, Spotted Eagle, Hill Mynah, and Pin-tailed Pigeon all are found here. There are even more species of birds found here and many more that migrate during the winter season.
Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary– The Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary was formerly known as Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary. The name was changed in May 2004 due to the importance of another tree species growing within the region. It got its name from the two living organisms which dominate the Sanctuary’s ecosystem. First is the Hollongapar, a dominant tree species in the region of Jorhat. Second is the Hoolock Gibbon,
the only ape species found in India. Apart from conserving these two species, the Sanctuary also houses many rare and endangered species of the world. With time the significance of the sanctuary grew and now holds great importance to the ecosystem within the Sanctuary. This conservation site only got the title of a Sanctuary in 1997 by the Assamese Government. It houses 7 of the 9 species of primates within the boundary of the Sanctuary, along with other birds and animals. The Sanctuary is also dominated by the population of Hoolock Gibbons, India’s only nocturnal primate belonging to the ape family. Some of the other primates found here are- stump-tailed Macaque, Pig-tailed Macaque, Capped Langur,
Rhesus Macaques, and Slow Loris. Other mammals seen here are Leopards, Tigers, Asian Elephants, Jungle Cats, Chinese Pangolin, Jackal, Indian Fox and many more. The imported birds recorded here are Hornbill, Green Pegion, Owl, Woodpecker, Dove, Bulbul, Black-headed Oriole, Drongo, Barbet, Egret, etc.
Dibru Saikhowa National Park– is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia Districts of Assam. About 12km from the town of Tinsukia, the Park is bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit Rivers in the North and Dibru River in the south. It has the largest Salix swamp forest in north-east India. The National Park experiences a tropical monsoon climate with hot and wet summers and mild dry winters. The variable landscapes and rich flora make it a favorable spot for bird watching in the area. Many “bird-watchers” from around the world visit the place to get a good look at some of the avian species.
Dibru Saikhowa National Park is a great location to observe birds for bird watchers around the globe. This Park is rightfully called “Bird Watcher’s Paradise”. Apart from Migratory birds, there are many birds that inhabit the Park all year round. Birds like- Great and Lesser Adjutant Storks, Great Grebe, Indian Shag, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Night Heron are found here. Also, Openbill Stork, Yellow Bittern, Black Stork, Whistling Teal, Greylag goose,
Fishing Eagles, and Osprey. Others include- Serpent Eagles, White-Winged Duck, Baer’s Pochard, Bengal Florican, Great-Pied Hornbill, March-Babbler, Jardon’s Babbler, Black-Breasted Parrotbill. Well, the list goes on just like the birds keep their flight intact within the National Park.