Kaziranga National Park is one of the renowned wildlife sanctuary located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. Kaziranga National Park is one of the pride of India. Along with the one-horned rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park is home to several species of flora and fauna. The main reason for the vibrant wildlife in Assam is the abundance of rainfall which is experienced throughout the year. You can find many rare and endangered species within the area of this National Park. These include wild elephants, tiger, buffaloes, gaur, monkeys, deer, badgers, leopards, and wild boras.
Even the birdlife in Kaziranga is very impressive. The Park is a heaven for bird lovers and bird watchers and was recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA).
The presence of rich flora and numerous water bodies has made Kaziranga an ideal shelter for a variety of birds and animals as well. Many of these birds migrate from Central Asia to Kaziranga Park during winters. Some species of birds spotted here are Black-necked stork, White-fronted goose, Greater Adjutant, and Asian Openbill stork among these.
Kaziranga National Park is located in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of Assam. It is the oldest park in Assam covers an area of 430sq kms along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South.
How to reach
There are 3 possible ways you can reach Kaziranga National Park- by air, by road, and by train.
By Air- The nearest airports to Kaziranga National Park are Jorhat Airport (97km) and Guwahati International Airport (217km). You can reach these airports from any corner of India or abroad to Guwahati Airport. The roads connecting both the airports to the National Park is well maintained and in good condition. You can take a taxi from the airport to the National Park. There are also bus facilities a little further away from these airports. You can also take private cabs or rented cabs towards the favored National Park.
By Road- The town of Kohora, which lies on the National Highway-37, connects all the major cities of Assam. Each day, there are numerous transport buses, private buses and minibusses going towards Kaziranga National Park from the major cities. You can visit one of the cities, like Guwahati or Jorhat, and then take a vehicle to reach the National Park.
There are transport services from Kohora town conducted on a daily basis as well. The roads leading to the Park, as mentioned earlier are in good condition.
By Train- Furkating Railway Station is the nearest train station located 75km from Kaziranga National Park. You can take a train from any of the other major train stations in Assam to this railway station. Then take a cab to reach the National Park. However, the more convenient path is through Guwahati and Jorhat Railway Stations (200km and 97km approximately) to reach the park. They are connected to many major cities of India and is an integral part of the Northeast railways. You can find many cabs and buses from the railway stations going towards the National Park.
Wildlife at Kaziranga National Park
Along with flora, fauna is also an impressive collection here at the Kaziranga National Park. Due to the abundance of vegetation, it gave rise to many different species of animals to make it their home. It was mostly known for Rhinoceros poaching till the Government passed an act in 1968. Later, the Kaziranga National Park was declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO. Since then, the National Park has been the conservation site for the great one-horned rhinoceros which nearly went extinct. Currently, there are more than 2500 one-horned rhinoceros within the sanctuary, the highest in the world.
The sanctuary which mainly consists of acres of tall elephant grass is the perfect habitat for the Asian Elephant as well. It is also a favorable home for 57% of the world’s water buffaloes. Other herbivorous animals like Swamp Deer, Hog Deer, Gaur, Sambar, Wild Boar, and few others can also be found here. Likewise, Kaziranga National Park has a suitable environment for many carnivorous animals too. Many species of cats like the Bengal Tiger, leopards, jungle cats and fishing cats can be found roaming this sanctuary. The Bengal Tiger was also considered to be an endangered species a while back. And in 2006 Kaziranga
National Park was named Bengal Tiger Reserve. Since then, the population of Bengal Tigers has increased drastically. So much so, Kaziranga National Park has been considered as one of the highest tiger density zones.
Climate and Best Time to visit Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is not open for the public throughout the year for their own safety. The Brahmaputra river floods the sanctuary resulting in the formation of numerous water bodies and fertilization of the land. Apart from that, the annual rainfall adds up to the water content within the sanctuary. Therefore it remains inaccessible during the rainy season.
However, with much wait comes a greater outcome. So after the rainy season once the park opens the climate within the sanctuary is very pleasant. The entire forest has amazing green foliage surrounding the park and the water bodies. Hence, the Kaziranga National Park remains open from October till the month of April every year. The weather might be a bit chilly during the winter. So you will need to be extra cautious while taking a jungle safari in Kaziranga National Park during this time. Otherwise, the climate is pleasant with lots of flora and fauna to fulfill your green adventure. So it is favorable to make the visit during November, February, and April when the weather is at its best.